Can tinnitus trigger migraines?

Ringing in the ears, commonly known as tinnitus, can be associated with several types of disorders, including migraine. Vestibular migraine is a common type of migraine associated with tinnitus, but there are other types of migraine-related attacks associated with tinnitus.

Can tinnitus trigger migraines?

Ringing in the ears, commonly known as tinnitus, can be associated with several types of disorders, including migraine. Vestibular migraine is a common type of migraine associated with tinnitus, but there are other types of migraine-related attacks associated with tinnitus. tinnitus may be associated with multiple types of headache disorders. One type of headache in which tinnitus is sometimes seen is migraine.

Some patients report that their tinnitus only and consistently worsens during migraine attacks. In patients with migraine and cutaneous allodynia, allodynia may occur in parallel with the development of tinnitus. Ringing or ringing in the ears is actually a common experience, affecting around 10 percent of the population. There are about 200 different health conditions that can cause tinnitus, according to the American Tinnitus Association.

Some of the most common are age-related hearing loss, severe nasal or sinus congestion, excess earwax, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder, and head and neck trauma. Another study sought to better understand the relationship between migraine and tinnitus by looking at nearly 200 participants with tinnitus and migraines. The researchers found a significant association between tinnitus and the laterality of headache, meaning that a person with tinnitus in the right ear also tends to have a headache on the right side, and the same goes for the left side. In general, experts are still not sure why there is a connection between migraine and tinnitus.

In any case, research suggests that the combined occurrence of headache and ringing in the ears probably has a biological basis. In other words, it's not just a coincidence. It is estimated that about 12% of Americans have migraines. An important question is whether the coexistence of tinnitus and headaches is purely coincidental or if there is a pathophysiological interaction.

A number of potential mechanisms for such physiopathological interaction have been proposed. First, increased trigeminal system excitability could link tinnitus and headache syndromes (1). Second, central sensitization in the context of migraine could explain the development of tinnitus (2). Third, tinnitus could represent a symptom of vestibular migraine (33 to 3) or vestibular migraine could be related to a specific subtype of Ménière's disease (3).

Fourth, migraine can cause pulsating tinnitus due to vascular alterations during migraine attacks (30). Fifth, TMJ or neck pain may represent a common cause of comorbid headache and tinnitus. However, due to the cross-sectional design of our study, we can only describe symptom associations and cannot draw firm conclusions about possible causal interactions between headaches and tinnitus. Yes, a migraine attack can cause tinnitus or occur together with it.

Tinnitus and headache are common disorders. Here, our objective was to investigate whether the occurrence of headache among patients with tinnitus is purely coincidental or if tinnitus and headache are physiopathologically related. We investigated a large sample of patients with tinnitus and headache to estimate the prevalence rates of different forms of headache, determine the relationship between the laterality of tinnitus and the laterality of headache, and explore the relationship between tinnitus and headache over time. Patients who went to a tertiary referral center for tinnitus and who reported comorbid headache were asked to complete validated questionnaires to determine the prevalence of migraine and tension headache and assess the severity of tinnitus.

In addition, several questions were asked about the relationship between headache and tinnitus. Data sets from 193 patients with tinnitus and headache were analyzed. The laterality of headache was significantly related to the laterality of tinnitus and, in most patients, fluctuations in the severity of tinnitus and headache symptoms were interrelated. These findings suggest a significant relationship between tinnitus and the laterality of headache and the interaction of symptoms over time, and argue against the mere coincidence of tinnitus and headache.

Both disorders may be related by common physiopathological mechanisms. Dizziness, vertigo, phonophobia, tinnitus and hearing loss were the most commonly reported symptoms among patients with migraines in one study 4.In another study, the association between tinnitus and symptoms of active migraine was stronger in students with migraines with auras than in those with migraines without auras. 5 The association between symptoms of active migraine and sudden deafness was also presented in a case report6 and in a population study, 7 In addition, Irre and Baloh8 presented 13 cases of people with sudden deafness who met the diagnostic criteria for a migraine. It has also recently been suggested that headaches are an important cofactor in the subtyping of tinnitus (18), but little is known about how headaches affect tinnitus.

The greater deterioration in quality of life in patients suffering from tinnitus and headache can easily be explained by the purely additive effect of both disorders on the burden of disease. After repeated migraine attacks, central sensitization may occur, which could trigger the development of tinnitus. Recommendations on the collection and storage of samples for genetic studies in hearing and tinnitus research. The relationship between the different demographic and clinical characteristics of tinnitus and the existence of comorbid headache, its laterality and type was analyzed using chi-square tests for categorical clinical variables and with analysis of variance (ANOVA) for metric clinical variables.

Questions and supplementary material on whether the onset of tinnitus influenced headache and vice versa. Based on these data, patients were classified according to the type of headache and the laterality of the headache, and their clinical characteristics were compared with patients with tinnitus, who did not have comorbid headaches. Therefore, both the central pain processing network (also referred to as the “pain matrix”) and the trigeminal system represent a common link in the pathophysiology of idiopathic headache syndromes and tinnitus. With regard to the onset of symptoms, more patients reported that the onset of headache preceded tinnitus and not the other way around, and only a small proportion reported that both symptoms started simultaneously.

Chronic tinnitus, or the perception of hearing sounds without an external noise stimulus, affects 10 to 15% of the population. There was no significant interaction between the laterality of the headache and age at the time of onset of tinnitus or its duration, but there was a significant interaction between the laterality of the headache and gender, since women more often suffered from one-sided headache. Overall, after adjusting for confounding factors, people with migraine were more likely to have subjective LH and tinnitus than those who did not have migraines. .


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